By Prabhudatta Mishra
Insurers are sometimes blamed for delayed launch of crop insurance coverage quantities to farmers, however the fault additionally appears to lie with the state governments which default on paying their share of the subsidy on premium.
In keeping with information gathered by FE, claims price `2,287 crore remained unpaid to farmers as on August 16 below the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), however states had been but to launch their premium share of `1,879 crore. Gujarat, Telangana and Jharkhand had been the biggest defaulters, making up for over 90% of the dues.
Additionally, a lot of the states are but to finalise final season’s yield information, the important thing parameter to endorse farmers’ claims, whilst this 12 months’s summer season harvest has began tricking in.
Contemplating that as many as over 80% of crop insurance coverage beneficiaries are small and marginal farmers having lower than 2 hectares, such delays in cost of premium subsidy and piling up of claims require rapid coverage motion, analysts stated. Satirically, the parliamentary standing committee on agriculture not too long ago urged that provisions below the scheme tips to penalise defaulting states be finished away with.
Beneath PMFBY, premium to be paid by farmers is mounted at 1.5% of the sum insured for rabi crops and a pair of% for kharif crops, whereas it’s 5% for money crops. The steadiness premium is cut up equally between the Centre and states. For the north-east area, the share of subsidy is 90:10 between the Centre and state.
In accordance the committee’s report tabled in Parliament on August 10, the agriculture ministry has been suggested to return the premium paid by farmers with curiosity inside a set time frame “since delay in settlement of claims defeat the very goal of the scheme and farmers finally undergo”.
The committee additionally stated it was satisfied of the explanations cited for the delay in claims settlement by insurers and really helpful that the ministry “suitably modify” the rules that prescribe states delaying the discharge of subsidy past stipulated timelines can’t take part in upcoming seasons. The modification is required “in order that states don’t withdraw from the scheme”, it stated.
The ministry earlier knowledgeable the committee that no penalty had been imposed on any state authorities, though as per the revised tips of 2018-19 state are required to pay curiosity at 12% for delay in launch of its share of subsidy past three months of prescribed minimize off date.
The Andhra Pradesh authorities in Might had paid `1,820 crore to over 15 lakh farmers, who suffered crop loss in kharif 2020, below the YSR Free Crop Insurance coverage scheme. Andhra Pradesh is likely one of the six states that stop the PMFBY scheme and should not have any pending legal responsibility of premium subsidy.
Gujarat, Telangana, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Bihar additionally exited the scheme, citing the price of the premium subsidy to be borne by them. Many states have demanded their share of subsidy be capped at 30%.
The Union authorities final month knowledgeable Parliament that it didn’t have any plan to take over your complete quantity of premium subsidy as states have a serious position in implementation of the scheme, together with choice of crops, areas, dangers and insurance coverage firms.